It is with great sadness that we share that Dr. Kirk passed away on January 10, 2017. He was a wonderful father, grandfather, surgeon and friend who touched many lives and is greatly missed.
William S. Kirk, Jr., DDS
Prior to joining TIC Oral and Maxillofacial surgery, Dr. Kirk practiced in Charlotte for nearly 35 years. He is a native of Salisbury and a 3rd generation North Carolina dental provider. Collectively, the Kirk family has provided dental care in general, orthodontic, and surgical dental care in North Carolina for over 91 years. Dr. Kirk is a graduate of UNC-Chapel Hill School of Dentistry and received his oral and maxillofacial surgery training at Vanderbilt University, in Nashville, Tennessee. During his years in Charlotte, he maintained an active solo practice with hospital procedures performed primarily at Carolinas Medical Center-Mercy, and Novant Presbyterian hospital in Charlotte. He helped develop MRI imaging protocols of the temporomandibular joint with the Department of Radiology, CMC-Mercy in the late 1980’s.
Dr. Kirk has significant experience in all aspects of oral surgery. He has a specific sub-specialty interest in the area of orthopedic surgery of the jaw joint. He served as President of the American Society of Temporomandibular Joint Surgeons from 2003-05 and has published numerous papers in the peer reviewed surgical literature as well as chapters in surgical texts. He performs both surgical and non- surgical management for patients with TMD disorder. He particularly enjoys sharing information with health care providers concerning various orthopedic disease issues of the temporomandibular joint including MRI diagnostic parameters and triage of patients who are likely to respond to non- surgical management in their practices.
Dr. Kirk is most proud of the accomplishments of his four children, Jason, Ben, Taylor, and Katie. Jason obtained his undergrad degree at UNC-Chapel Hill and PhD in International Studies at the University of Pennsylvania and currently is Assistant Professor of Political Science at Elon University. Ben obtained his PhD. In Aerospace Engineering at the University of Texas and is one of thirteen divisional directors at NASA, Johnson Space Center in Houston, Texas. Son Taylor graduated from Texas A&M University with a degree in Agronomy and is currently Superintendent of the Track and Grounds at The Circuit of the Americas, Austin, Texas. Daughter Katie graduated Summa Cum Laude from East Carolina University in December, 2014 and was a scholarship athlete for the Lady Pirates golf team. She was awarded the Dinah Shore Trophy as the outstanding NCAA Academic All American by the LPGA in May, 2015 and currently is completing a Master’s degree program at ECU in Economics. Dr. Kirk’s personal interests are gardening, boating, and golf.
- Wheaton College, Wheaton, Illinois, 1970-1973
- University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 1973-1974
- University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 1974-1978
- American Dental Association Student Table Clinic Award, 1976. “A Histologic Comparison of Normal Palatal Fusion and Teratogenic Induction of Cleft Palate in C57/BL mice”.
- Student Body President, University of North Carolina, School of Dentistry, 1977-1978.
- Who’s Who, American Colleges and Universities, 1978.
- 1978 Winner, American Academy of General Dentistry Table Clinic Competition, University of North Carolina.
- Graduated Omnicom Kappa Upsilon, 1978.
- 3-month fellowship, Hospital Dentistry/Hematology, North Carolina Memorial Hospital, 1977.
- Oral/Maxillofacial Externship, Vanderbilt University Hospital, 1977.
Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Residency
- Internship: Vanderbilt University Hospital
Nashville General Hospital
Nashville Veteran’s Hospital
Rotating internship: General surgery, internal medicine, emergency room, anesthesiology, surgical pathology, oral surgery. April 1978 – July 1979.
- Surgical Residency: Vanderbilt University Hospital, 1979-1980.
Chief Resident, Nashville General Hospital, July 1980-December 1980.
Chief Resident, Vanderbilt University Hospital, January 1981-July 1981.
Private Practice, Charlotte, North Carolina – July 1981- 2015
Hospital Appointment (Active Staff)
- Carolinas Medical Center
- Chief, Oral Surgery Section, 1982-1984
- Member, Emergency Room Liaison Committee, 1985-1991
- Member, Multiple Trauma Committee, 1986-1991
- Mercy Hospital
- Member, Surgical Advisory Committee, Vice-Chairman, 1995-1996
- Chief, Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery Section, 1992-2002
- Member, Executive Committee, 1993-1999
- Charlotte Rehabilitation Hospital
- OMS Representative, Cleft Lip/Palate Rehabilitation Team, 1982-1992
- OMS Representative, Craniofacial Surgery Team, 1985-1990
- Diplomat, American Board of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgeons
- Fellow, American Association of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgeons
- President, American Society of Temporomandibular Joint Surgeons, 3/2003-3/2005
- Chairman, Surgical Review & Adjudication Committee, 1995-1996
- Member, North Carolina Association of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgeons
- American Dental Association
- Vanderbilt University Oral & Maxillofacial Surgeons Alumni Association
- University of North Carolina, Dental Alumni Association, Life Member.
- “A Suspension Technique for Depressed Naso-Ethmoid Fractures” Scientific abstract. September 1981, AAOMS Convention, Washington, D.C.
- Arthrography of the Temporomandibular Joint” Lecture, Charlotte Dental Society, November 1981.
- “Internal Derangements of the T.M. Joint”
Lectures presented to:
a. Rowan County, N.C. Dental Society, April 1982
b. Gaston County, N.C. Dental Society, May 1982
c. 1st District, N.C. Dental Society, Boone N.C., September 1983.
d. Stanley County, N.C. Dental Society, October 1984
e. Greenville/Spartanburg, S.C. Dental, Medical and Physical Therapy Societies, Greenville, S.C., October 1985
f. Nursing Grand Rounds, Mercy Hospital, Charlotte, N.C., January 21, 1990
g. “Morphologic changes of disc tissues in chronic internal derangement of the T.M. joint” Rowan County, N.C. Dental Society, April 17, 1990
h. “Orthopedic Derangement of the Temporomandibular Joint”, Family Practice Medical Staff Rounds, Mercy Hospital, April 20, 1992.
- “What’s New With Orthognathic Surgery?”, Charlotte Dental Hygiene and Assisting, September 1989.
- “Diagnosing Intrinsic T.M. Joint Disease with MRI” Hudson Valley Medical Society, Dutchess Radiology Inc., Poughkeepsie, NY, May 5, 1990.
- “A Comparative Clinical Study of MRI, Gross Morphologic and Histologic Characteristics of Disc and Condylar Surface Changes in Late Stage Internal Derangement of the T.M. Joint”. American Society of Temporomandibular Joint Surgeons, Sea Island, GA, February 22, 1992.
- “Surgical Pathology in its Relationship to Postoperative Physical Therapy Management of the T.M. Joint Surgery Patient”, Department of Physical Therapy, Presbyterian Hospital, Charlotte, N.C., July 7, 1992.
- “Disc Pathology in Chronic Internal Derangement of the TMJ” Current Concepts of T.M. Joint Disease. Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Opryland Hotel, March 26, 1993.
- “Surgical Failures after Open T.M. Joint Arthroplasty” Current Concepts of T.M. Joint Disease. Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Opryland Hotel, March 27, 1993.
- “Clinical Evaluation of Surgical Failures of TM Joint Arthrotomy/ Arthroplasty”. Vanderbilt Oral Surgery Alumni Association, May 4, 1996.
- “Capsular and Condylar Surface Pathology in Stages of TM Joint Derangement”, Austrian Society of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgeons. Vienna, Austria, May 10, 1996.
- “Orthopedic Disease of the Temporomandibular Joint”, Blue Cross/Blue Shield medical directors and associated staff. Durham, NC, March 14, 1997.
- “Orthognathic Surgical Procedures”, Blue Cross/Blue Shield medical directors and associated staff. Durham, NC, March 14, 1997.
- The following lectures were presented to: “The 3rd International Conference on Surgical Management of Temporomandibular Joint Disorders”. Sponsored by the Department of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery, University Hospital Infanta Cristina, Badajoz, Spain; Spanish Society of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery, and the Health Ministry of Spain, March 13 and 14, 1998.
a. Schellhas/Wilkes Stages of TM Joint Derangement.
b. Morphologic comparison of superior and inferior compartment arthrosis in chronic TM Joint derangement.
c. Four to nine year retrospective review of 303 arthrotomies and arthroplasties. Wilkes Stage II-V.
d. Assessing pre-operative risk factors for TMJ surgery.
e. The TMJ lateral entrapment syndrome.
f. Perioperative surgical support: Comments on pre-operative imaging, physical therapy, splints/orthotics, and dietary considerations.
g. Indications for partial and total joint replacement.
15. Basic Biomechanics Principles for TM Joint Surgeons” American Society of Temporomandibular
Joint Surgeons, Southampton, Bermuda, March 5, 2002.
16. “Non fracture hyperextension injury of the TM Joint” American Society of Temporomandibular
Joint Surgeons, Laguna Beach, CA, March 6, 2003.
17. “Surgical biomechanics of the TM Joint” ASTMJS, March 3, 2004, Sanibel, Florida
18. Keynote Address: “Pathologic Biomechanical Principles of the
Temporomandibular Joint”. 1st Conference on Bioengineering of the
Temporomandibular Joint. Boulder, Colorado. May 27, 2006.
19. “Lateral Impingements of the Temporomandibular Joint” 2nd Conference on Bioengineering of the Temporomandibular Joint. Boulder, Colorado. November, 2009.
20. “Lateral TMJ impingements in adolescent populations”. Diagnosis with Dual-Photon MRI imaging Joint Conference of the American and European Societies of Temporomandibular Joint Surgeons. Rome, Italy. April, 2011
- “Disc Derangements of the Temporomandibular Joint”, North Carolina Dental Gazette, October 1983. Author: William S. Kirk, Jr., DDS
- “Pre-orthognathic Surgery Evaluation of Nasal Obstruction”, The International Journal of Adult Orthodontics and Orthognathic Surgery, February 1988. Author: William S. Kirk, Jr., DDS, E. A. Bolz, MD
- “The TMJ Syndrome, Is It a Reasonable Diagnostic Term?” North Carolina Medical Journal, November 1988. Author: William S. Kirk, Jr., DDS
- “Clinical Evaluation of Physical Therapy in the Management of Internal Derangement of the Temporomandibular Joint”, Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery, February 1989. Author: William S. Kirk, Jr., DDS, Dana K. Calabrese, PT
- “Diagnosing Disc Dysfunction and Qualitative Tissue Changes in the Temporo-mandibular Joint with Magnetic Resonance Imaging”, Journal of the American Dental Associate, Vol. 119, October 1989, pp 527-530.Author: William S. Kirk, Jr., DDS
- “A Comparative Study of Axial Corrected Tomography with Magnetic Resonance Imagery in 35 Joints”, Oral Surgery, Oral Pathology, Oral Medicine. Vol. 68, No. 5, November 1989, pp 646-652. Author: William S. Kirk, Jr., DDS
- “Morphologic Differences Between Superior and Inferior Disc Surfaces in Chronic Internal Derangement of the T.M. Joint”, Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery. Vol. 48, No. 5, May 1990.Author: William S. Kirk, Jr., DDS
- “A MRI and Tomographic Evaluation of Occlusal Appliance Treatment of Advanced Internal Derangement of the Temporomandibular Joint”, Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery, Vol. 41, pp 9-12, January 1991. Author: William S. Kirk, Jr., DDS
- “Failure of Surgical Orthodontics due to Temporomandibular Joint Internal Derangement and Postsurgical Condylar Resorption”, American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics, Vol. 101, April 1992, No. 4, pp 375. Author: William S. Kirk, Jr., DDS
10. “Early Surgical Correction of Unilateral TMJ Ankylosis and Improvement in Mandibular Symmetry with use of an Orthotic Functional Appliance”, Journal of Craniomandibular Practice, October 1993. Author: William S. Kirk, Jr., DDS
11. “Chronic Intrinsic Inflammatory Disease of the Temporomandibular Joint and Chronic Cephalalgia”, North Carolina Medical Journal, January 1993. Author: William S. Kirk, Jr., DDS
12. “Sagittal MRI Characteristics and Surgical Findings of Mandibular Condyle Surface Disease in Staged Internal Derangement”, Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery, Vol. 52, pp. January, 1994. Author: William S. Kirk, Jr., DDS
13. Phillips DJ, Gelb M, Kirk W, et al: “Guide to Evaluation of Permanent Impairment of the Temporomandibular Joint” Journal of Craniomandibular Practice, Vol. 15, No. 2, April 1997, pp. 170-178.
14. Editorial Letters
a. American Journal of Orthodontics and Orofacial Orthopedics. (Discussion of condylar AVN and orthognathic surgery), October 1992.
b. Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery. “Whiplash as a Basis for TMJ Dysfunction?”, Vol 50, p. 427, 1992.
c. American Journal of Orthodontics and Orofacial Orthopedics. (Discussion of MRI Imaging in Centric Relation), August 1994.
d. Discussion of “Prevalence of Morphological Changes in the Surfaces of the Temporomandibular Joint Disc Associated with Internal Derangement”. JOMS 56:343-344, 1998.
15. “Risk Factors and Initial Surgical Failures of TMJ Arthrotomy and Arthroplasty: A four to nine year evaluation of 303 surgical procedures”. Journal of Craniomandibular Practice, July 1998, Vol. 16, No. 3, pp. 154-161.
16. “A multicenter study comparing four different operations for the painful TM joint”. Authors: Hall, H.D., Indresano, A.T., Kirk, W.S. & Dietrich, M.S. JOMS. 63:1174-1179, 2005.
17. “A Biomechanical Basis for Primary Arthroplasty of the Temporomandibular Joint” Oral & Maxillofacial Clinic of North America 18 (2006) 354-468.
18. Kirk WS, Jr: Lateral Impingements of the temporomandibular joint: a classification system and MRI imaging characteristics”. International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial surgery, 42(2013), p.223-228.
19. “Kirk WS Jr: “Illustrated Surgical Techniques for Management of Impingements of the Temporomandibular Joint:. International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery,42(2013), pp. 229-236
20. Kirk, WS Jr.: “Lateral impingement syndrome of the TM Joint and a descriptive classification system: The role of initial open arthrotomy/arthroplasty in TM joint surgery.” OMSKU V TEMPOROMANDIBULAR DISORDERS. (On line publication) Am Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons. June, 2014.
21. Kirk, WS Jr and Kirk, Benjamin S. “Applications of Temporomandibular Joint Biomechanics to Clinical and Surgical Management of Derangement”. In: Surgical Management of the Temporomandibular Joint. Volume 2. Florencio Monje, editor. Apple i-tune book publishers, Apple, Inc. September, 2014.
- Visiting Professor, Department of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery, University of Tennessee, October 1996.
- Honorary Visiting Professor, Department of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery, University Hospital Infanta Cristina, Badajoz, Spain. March 13 and 14, 1998.
- President, American Society of Temporomandibular Joint Surgeons 3/03-3/05